Taylor's FSLM Journals
Hospitality Education at Vocational and Tertiary Level: A Comparative Study of France and Malaysia

@ Asia-Pacific Journal of Innovation in Hospitality and Tourism

Online ISSN: 2710-6519

Chiew Boon Tian & Jeetesh Kumar 


Tourism is among the rapid growing industry worldwide. Tourism aligns with the hotel industry, food and beverage, and other commercial industry has created many job opportunities and generates much revenue for the country. There is an increasing need of workforce parallel with this phenomenon and has led to continued growth of public and private institutions offering hotel management courses. This paper studies the comparative extent of hospitality education at the tertiary level of individuals in both Malaysia and France. It aims to compare the system and variety of input of the hospitality education in both of the countries. The finding shows both Malaysia and France education in Hospitality were influenced by the external and the internal environment factors because the progress of the programme closely relates to the tourism industry. By meeting the demand of the industry that emphasize on skilled workers, both Malaysia and France education provider had planned the programme structure by collaboration with the industry player to expose the student of the working environment. 

Keywords: Hospitality education, higher education system (HES), Malaysia, France, input-process-output, tertiary level